THIS ARTICLE FIRST PUBLISHED ON http://hortikashmir.gov.in
DIRECTORATE OF HORTICULTURE, RAJBAGH-SRINAGAR, KASHMIR-190008 .
CALENDAR OF OPERATIONS
1. Apply white lead paint/ Bordeaux paste to pruned cuts.
2. Remove snow from crotches of plants /trees if needed. In
case of heavy snow fall go for shaking of limbs
3. Bench grafting of nursery stocks.
4. Stratification of seed/nuts/stones for sowing purpose be
5. Removal of mummified fruits to be continued.
6. Collection and destruction of Hairy caterpillar egg
7. Pruning of citrus plants to be started.
8. Spray tree trunks against lichens with 1% Caustic Soda
Solution after every 3-4 years period.
9. Ensure orchard sanitation and proper drainage of water.
10. Burning of leaves of apple should be ensured.
11. Go for staking of budded or grafted nursery plants to
avoid snow damage.
1. Pruning operation to be completed and apply white lead
paint or Bordeaux paste on cut surface with diameter
exceeding 1.5-2.0 cm.
2. Spray tree trunks against lichens with 1% Caustic soda
solution after every 3-4 years
3. Dormant spray may be resumed.
4. Grafting of nursery stocks and top-working of trees may
be done wherever required, complete pollarding of
5. Transplantation of deciduous plants be started and
plantation of citrus to be continued.
6. Sow the stratified seeds in last week.
7. Pro-bloom spray of stone fruits and against almond
diseases in particular.
8. Apply fertilizer to fruit trees in 1st fortnight schedule to
early flowering cultivars ½ N (early CVS) P&K full
9. Collection /destruction of egg clusters of Hairy
10. Correct Zn deficiency wherever indicated.
11. Transplantation of cuttings of various fruit trees like
pomegranates, grape etc.
12. Preperperation of Nursery area for citrus seed sowing
and arrangements to be made for procurement of citrus
13. Pruning of citrus to be completed.
14. Spray of copper fungicides and micro nutrients of citrus
plantation to be completed.
15. Stake weak and lean plants, shake trees to remove snow
immediately after heavy snow fall.
16. In case of up rooted trees consequent to heavy snowfall
cover their roots with soil to prevent their desication
and subject the trees to heavy pruning before the
resumption of active growth in spring.
17. In case of prolonged sub zero temperature Smudging in
young orchards may be done by burning gross and other
crop residues at 8-10 places for each hectare of orchard.
18. Provide proper drainage in orchards to drain off surface
19. Prune the canker affected twigs and scrap the dead bark
from trunk and burn them and apply Bordeaux
paste/chubattia or white lead paints on scraped surface.
1. Dormant spray to be completed by first fortnight.
2. Delay dormant spray to be completed by 3rd week of
March i.e Spray Horticulture mineral Oil/diesel oil
emulsion at green tip stage.
3. (a) Commence spray against scab as per spray schedule.
(b) Spray against leaf spot and leaf curl in almond ,
cherry, Peach and Apricot
4. Transplantation of temperate and sub-tropical plants to
5. Completion of sowing of stratified seeds.
6. Complete top working of mother trees and grafting of
7. Pruning may be completed in higher altitudes.
8. Heading back of the last years budded stocks be
9. Notching of old stocks to encourage new shoots.
10. Judicious fertilizer application be completed.
11. Drain out excessive water.
12. Spray against Anthracnose powdery and downy mildew
13. Start sowing of citrus seeds, within one week of
14. Zinc sulphate 0.1% spray to citrus plantation.
15. Scrap canker bearing bark with sharp knife and apply
copper oxy chloride 50wp paste on cut surface.
. Spray against apple scab/Alternaria as per spray
schedule and also in respect of pear scab.
. Spray against mildew/leaf spot/leaf curl /blight as per
. Prebloom treatments against blossom thrips/weevils.
. Treatment against emerging Hairy
. Staking of new plants.
. Remove off shoots / water sprouts of fruit trees/nursery
. Spray against mites of walnuts/grapes/pear/ apple.
. Basal treatment with soil insecticides against wooly
. Ensure proper drainage.
. Budding of citrus fruit plants.
. Treatment against damping off to newly
germinated/raised seedling stocks.
. Hoeing followed by mulching especially under Kareiva
conditions may be done with cut grass or other crop
residues. This will suppress the weed growth besides
. Scrap dead bark and lichen from trees with bark
scrappers and white wash fruit trees.
. Spray against scab as per spray schedule.
. Spray against powdery mildew, leaf spot, shot hole leaf
curl and blight.
. Hoeing of nursery plants, removal of off-shoots to be
. White wash tree trunks with lime+copper sulphate where
. Treatment against Hairy caterpillar, wooly aphis, Green
aphis, leaf roller.
. Burlapping against Hairy caterpillar.
. Mulching to be done wherever needed.
. Irrigate the orchards if need felt.
. Apply 2nd doze of (N) fertilizer by last week of month.
. Harvest ready stone fruits.
. Spray against Anthracnose disease of grapes.
. Sowing of green manuring crop.
. Irrigate the new plantings.
. Apply nitrogenous fertilizers to nursery stocks.
. To control pinhole / shoot hole borer, plaster the tree
(Trunks, stems) with Mixture of carbryl 10% and clay in
the ratio of 1:6.
1. Spraying against scab /alternaria to be continued.
2. Spraying against powdery mildew, leafspot, short hole,
3. Spraying against Ist generation of sanjose –scale crawlers,
apple moth, Hairycaterpiller, chaffer-Beetle,Anarbutterfly.
4. Continue burlapping.
5. Staking of fruits laden branches.
6. Harvesting of stone fruits to continue.
7. Stone extraction of wild apricot and peach.
8. Start budding of stone fruit plants by 3rd week.
9. Clipping of powdery mildew effected twigs /leaves.
10. Removal of off Shoots /water sprouts to continue.
11. Apply nitrogenous fertilizer dose to nursery saplings
well before budding.
12. Untieing of top worked trees/grafted material.
13. Spray against grape Anthracnose disease.
14. Irrigate new plantations.
15. Apply (N) to orchard areas if not done so far.
16. Make necessary arrangements for budwood material.
17. Irrigate nursery stocks after hoeing and weeding.
18. Earthing up of stocks grafted this year.
19. White washing of trees trunks if not done earlier
especially in stone fruits to avoid sunburn and gummosis if
not done earlier.
20. Mulching of fruit trees especially those grown under
rainfed conditions for moisture conservation
1. Spraying against scab /alternaria to continue.
2. Spraying against fungal disease as mentioned in the month
of May and June to continue.
3. If required irrigate nursery stocks before budding and to
4. Budding of Nursery stocks of all fruit plants to continue.
5. Spray against sanjose-scale if needed.
6. Burlapping for Hairy caterpillar to continue.
7. Stone extraction of wild apricot and peach.
8. Hoeing and application of N fertilizers to nursery stocks to
9. Harvesting of late varieties of stone fruits and early varieties
of pome fruits.
10. Wornout mulching to be replaced.
11. Summer purning of grapes.
12. Do not conduct sprays during high temperatures. Sprays
can be conducted during morning /evening hours.
13. Stop sprayinging fruits 25 days before harvest.
14. Improve orchard sanitation.
15. Spray against fruit borer in pomegranate.
16. Monitor the population of Red mite on apple crop and
spray with Acaricide/Summer oil if needed.
1. Spraying against pests/disease particularly against speck fly
and sooty blotch.
2. Summer spray against Sanjose –scale.
3. Budding of nursery stocks to continue.
4. Collect the buds material from the known mother plants.
5. Application o irrigation to nursery stocks and orchards if
6. Harvesting of almond crop to be completed.
7. Commencement of harvesting of mild season cultivars of
apple and pear.
8. Burying of green manuring crops.
9. Sort and grade harvested lots under shade.
10. Collect the egg masses of Hairy caterpillar and destroy
11. Monitor Alternaria leaf spots and mite populations
1. Harvesting of mild season varieties of fruit to be continued.
2. Harvesting of walnut crop.
3. Irrigate the nursery areas wherever needed.
4. Post harvest spray against almond disease stone and remove
blighted branches ,twigs from the affected trees and destroy
5. Budding can also be done in the first week of September in
case the same has not been done earlier.
6. Collect the fallen fruits of pomegranate and destroy them to
control borer in next season
1. Harvesting of fruits to be continued inclusive of chestnut.
2. Collection of crop and their storage.
3. Preparation of nursery land and application of F.Y.M and
4. Arrangements for procurement of seeds/ nuts /stones suckers
5. Procure seed nuts and stones for sowing from current year
crop in order to ensure maximum seed viability and higher
6. Campaign against rodents.
7. Layout, pit digging and filling up of pits with mixture of top
soil and 20 kgs of FYM per pit in last week.
1. Harvesting of late varieties of fruit to be completed.
2. Early dormant spray after complete leaf fall.
3. Commencement of sowing of seeds /nuts/stones.
4. Filling up of pit to be completed.
5. Vigorous campaign against Rodents to continue. Control
measures against Rodents with recommend rodenticides be
6. Leaf burning campaign as advance action for scab control to
7. Ploughing /tractorization of orchard areas for clean
8. Basal dose of soil insecticides against mealy bugs and wooly
9. Treatment against collar rot.
10. Start pruning of fruit in the 2nd fortnight.
11. Apply white lead paint Bordeaux paste /Chaubattia past
thinned with lin seed oil to cover and protect the wounds.
1. Continue sowing of seeds/nuts/stones for raising new stocks.
2. Training and pruning of fruit trees to continue
3. Procurement of cuttings of grape /pomegranate/quince,
entrench for callus formation.
4. Application of F.Y.M to orchard area.
5. Keep the seeds for stratification if required.
6. Control measures against frost wherever needed.
7. Shake of snow from crotches/branches if necessary
8. Plantation of wind breaker.
9. Treatment against collar rot to continue.
10. Take appropriate measures to protect stored fruits
against freezing injury
11. Clean water channels /drains and control measures
against rodents to be continued.
1. While adopting above calendar of operations due regard to be
kept for seasonal and field conditions besides other local climatic
2. All pruned infected material/mummified fruit and other infected
material is needed to be destroyed.
3. For spraying and other details consult the technical experts
4. For further details contact with officers of Horticulture
For further details contact:-
Director Horticulture Kashmir Rajbagh
Chief Horticulture Officer ,Srinagar
Chief Horticulture Officer, Budgam
Chief Horticulture Officer, Anantnag
Chief Horticulture Officer,Shopian
Chief Horticulture Officer, Pulwama
Chief Horticulture Officer,Baramulla
Chief Horticulture Officer, Kupwara
Chief Horticulture Officer, Leh
Chief Horticulture Officer, Kargil
Chief Horticulture Officer, Ganderbal
Chief Horticulture Officer, Bandipora
Chief Horticulture Officer, Kulgam
Horticulture Information and
Publication Officer, Srinagar