Apple Spray Schedule – 2017 | Department of Horticulture, Himachal Pradesh,

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Department of Horticulture, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla – 2

and

Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, nauni, Solan  (H.P.)

SPRAY SCHEDULE YEAR 2017

(APPLE)

SPRAY SCHEDULE FOR THE CONTROL OF DISEASES OF APPLE 

YEAR 2017

S.No 

1

Tree Stage :

Green Tip

Name Of chemical

Captan

Or

Dodine

Or

Ziram

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Captan 600g
Dodine 200g
Ziram 600ml
   
Control of diseases

Scab

Remarks:

 

 

 

S.No 

2

Tree Stage :

Pink bud

Name Of chemical

Mancozeb

Or

Difenoconazole

Or

Propineb

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Mancozeb 600g
Difenoconazole 30ml
 Propineb  600g
   
Control of diseases

Scab

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

3

Tree Stage :

Petal fall / Pea Stage

Name Of chemical

Carbendazim

Or

Thiophanate Methyl

or

Hexaconazole

Tebuconazole 50%  + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Carbendazim 100g
Thiophanate Methyl 100g
Hexaconazole 100ml
# Tebuconazole 50%  + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG 80g
Control of diseases

Scab

#Pewdery mildew

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

4

Tree Stage :

Fruit Development

( Walnut Stage )

Name Of chemical

# Myclobutanil

Or

Mancozeb

Or

Propineb

Or

Dodine

———————————————-

* Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin5% WG

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Myclobutanil 80g
Mancozeb 600g
Propineb 600gm
Dodine 150g
Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin5% WG

 300gm
Control of diseases

# Scab

* Alternaria leaf spot / Blight/ pre-mature leaf fall

Remarks:

Do not spray Dodine if temperature is above 30degree C and slow drying condition prevails

 

 

S.No 

5

Tree Stage :

Fruit Development

( 20 days after 4th spray )

Name Of chemical

# Tebuconazole 50%  + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG

 

#Propineb

Or

*Zineb

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
# Tebuconazole 50%  + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG 80g
Propineb 600g
Zineb 600g
   
Control of diseases

# Pre-mature leaf fall

*Scab, BLACK ROT

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

6

Tree Stage :

Pre harvest

(20-25 Days before Harvest )

Name Of chemical

Captan

Or

Ziram

Metiram55% WG + Pyraclostrobin 5% WG

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
#Captan 600g
*Ziram 600ml
Metiram55% WG + Pyraclostrobin 5% WG

 

 300g
   
Control of diseases

 #Scab/Fly speck /Bitter Rot

*Scab

Alterneria leaf Spot /Blight

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

7

Tree Stage :

After Post

Harvest

 

Name Of chemical

Copper

Oxychloride

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Copper

Oxychloride

600g
   
   
   
Control of diseases

 Canker

Remarks:

 

 

Note:-

  1. This spray schedule is for normal weather conditions.
  2. In case of heavy rains within 12 hours of spray, the spray is to be repeated within seven days.
  3. Do not use the same chemical, spray after spray.
  4. Pesticides should be sprayed when there are chance of diseases.
  5. Do not mix Dodine with other pesticides/chemicals.
  6. Do not mix any another pesticide/chemical/micro-nutrient/growth regulator/hormone with the above recommended pesticides to avoid russeting and other disorders. In case there is necessity, these may be sprayed separately.
  7. The fallen leaves of apple should be collected and decomposed in a compost pit or spray of 5% urea may be done on orchard floor on fallen leaves to ensure fast decomposition of infected leaves or may be destroyed by burning.
  8. Copper oxychloride although tested by the Dr. Y.S. Parmar UHF Nauni and essentially required at the above stage of the tree but product is not registered with CIB & RC till date.

Recommendations against Hail damage:-

  1. Spray 100gm carbendazim or 600gm Mancozeb in 200 L of water immediately after Hail.
  2. Spray 200 gm Boric Acid + 500 gm Zinc sulphate + 250 gm Quick Lime in 200 L of water.
  3. Spray the hail affected apple orchard with 1 kg Urea in 200L of water. After 10 to 12 days, a spray of micro-nutrients like Agromin, Multiplex, or Microwit @ 400 to 600 g per 200 L of water is also recommended.

 

SPRAY SCHEDULE FOR THE CONTROL OF INSECT & MITE PESTS

OF APPLE, YEAR 2016

S.No 

1.

Tree Stage :

Half inch Green Tip 

Name Of chemical

*Spray oil

      

  

     

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
*Spray oil 4l
 
Control of diseases

 

*Sanjose Scale & mite

Remarks:

 

S.No 

2.

Tree Stage :

Pink Bud

 

Name Of chemical

*Thiacloprid

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Thiacloprid 100ml
Control of diseases

*Thrips

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

3

Tree Stage :

Petal

Fall

 

Name Of chemical

*Spiromesifen

        Or

Hexythiazox

        

#oxy-demeton methyl      

**Malathion

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
*Spiromesifen 60 ml
#oxy-demeton methyl       200ml
* Hexythiazox  200ml
** Malathion  200ml
Control of diseases

*Mites

**Aphid

#Sanjose Scale

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

4

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

Walnut size

 

Name Of chemical

Fenazaquin

      Or

Propargite

      Or

Horticultural Mineral oil

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Fenazaquin 50ml
 Propargite  200ml
 Horticultural Mineral oil  2lts
   
Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

5

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

(20 days after 3rd spray)

 

Name Of chemical

Hexythiazox

         Or

Spiromesifen

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Hexythiazox 200ml
 Spiromesifen  60ml
   
   
Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

6

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

(20 days after 4th  spray)

 

Name Of chemical

Fenazaquin

        Or

Propargite

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Fenazaquin 50ml
Propargite   200ml
   
   
Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

7

Tree Stage :

Pre Harvest

(20-25 days before harvest)

 

Name Of chemical

*Malathion

        

**Oxy-demeton Methyl

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Malathion 200ml
Oxy-demeton Methyl   200ml
   
   
Control of diseases

*Aphid

**Sanjose Scale

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

8

Tree Stage :

Post Harvest

 

Name Of chemical

Chlorpyriphos

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water
Chlorpyriphos 400ml
   
   
   
Control of diseases

Aphid

Remarks:

 

 

Note:-

  1. Avoid repetition of acaricides/miticides for the control of phytophagous mites in subsequent sprays.
  2. While spraying for the control of mites on the tree, also spray the basin area to ensure optimum control.
  3. Drench the basin area with chlorpyriphos after harvesting @ 2ml per liter of water for the control of woolly apple aphid and root borer.
  4. Dormant spray oils and horticultural mineral oils are although tested by Dr. Y.S. Parmar UHF Nauni and essentially required for Scale and Mite pests but not registered till date by the CIB & RC. However, matter is under process. Necessary data generated by the said university had been conveyed to the competent authority.
  5. Minimum insecticidal spray should be given from april to june for the safety of Lady Bird beetles, Syrphid flies and other beneficial insects as most of useful insects are usually active during these months.
  6. Do not spray any other pesticides on open flowers to save pollinating insects.

RECOMMENDED BRAND NAMES OF PESTICIDES

  1. FUNGICIDES

 

S.

NO.

Common

Name

Brand

Names

1.       2.     3.
1. Carbendazim

50 WP

Dhanustin/

Bavistin/

Mavistin/

Derosal/

Benfil/

Gilzim/

Carbestin

Goldstain

2. Captan

50 WP

Captaf/

Dhanutan/

Kohicap/

Masstan/

Captax

Capgold

3. Copper oxychloride

50 WP

Blitox/

Fytolan/

Masstox/

Copter/

Trucop

riva

4. Dodine 65 WP Superstar/

Syllit/

Himdin/

Tohfa/

Noor

5. Difenoconazole

25 EC

Score/

Scale

Dizole

6. Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin

5% WG

Cabrio Top

60 WG

7. Hexaconazole

5EC

Contaf/

Hexzole/

Sitara/

Titan/

Glow/

Envil

Hexcon

8. Mancozeb

75 WP

Indofil M-45/

Dithane M-45/

Mass M-45/

Kohinoor M-45/

Dhanuka M-45/

Abic M-45/

Emthane M-45/

Uthane M-45/

Hindustan M-45

GoldM-45

 

9. Myclobutanil

10 WP

Systhane/

Boon/

Index/

Grapple

10. Propineb

70WP

Antracol
11. Thiophanate

Methyl 70WP

Roko/

Topsin-M/

Alert/

Stop

Trust

12. Zineb 75WP Indofil Z-78
13. Ziram 27SL Cuman L
14 Tebuconazole 50% + Trifloxystrobin 25% WG Nativo 75 WG
  1. Insecticides, Acaricides and Spray oils:

 

S.

NO.

Common Name Brand Names
1. Chlorpyriphos

20 EC

Dursban/

Durmet/

Danusban/

Massban/

Force/

Tricel/

Navigator

 

2.

Fenazaquin

10EC

Majister/

Majistic

3. Hexythiazox

5.45%

Maiden
4. Malathion

50EC

Cythion/

Massthion/

5. Oxy-Demeton

Methyl 25% EC

Metasystox
6. Propargite 57EC Omite/

Simba

7. Spiromesifen

22.9% SC

Oberon
8 Spray Oils Servo oil,

Agrospray Orchard,

Loveen 30,

Agro Emulsion,

IPOL Orchards,

D-C-Tron Plus,

Shelter 909 Summer Oil,

Sparrow-888,

HMO Orchol-13,

Shell Mineral Oil,

Orchol TSO,

MAK All Season HMO,

HP tree spray oil,

HRC spray oil plus HMO, HP spray oil E(HPSOE),

MAK HMO,

HP HMO,

HMO rilso-999,

Arbofine HMO.

9. Thiacloprid

240 SC

Alanto

 

SOURCE: Horticulture information Service, Department of horticulture, Himachal pradesh, Shimla-2

 

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