Himachal Apple Spray Schedule Year 2016

Department of Horticulture, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla – 2

and

Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, nauni, Solan  (H.P.)

SPRAY SCHEDULE YEAR 2016

(APPLE)

SPRAY SCHEDULE FOR THE CONTROL OF DISEASES OF APPLE 

YEAR 2016

S.No 

1

Tree Stage :

Green Tip

Name Of chemical

Captan

Or

Dodine

Or

Ziram

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Captan

600g
Dodine

200g

Ziram

600ml

   

Control of diseases

Scab

Remarks:

 

 

 

S.No 

2

Tree Stage :

Pink bud

Name Of chemical

Mancozeb

Or

Difenoconazole

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Mancozeb

600g
Difenoconazole

30ml

   
   

Control of diseases

Scab

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

3

Tree Stage :

Petal fall / Pea Stage

Name Of chemical

Carbendazim

Or

Thiophanate Methyl

or

Hexaconazole

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Carbendazim

100g
Thiophanate Methyl

100g

Hexaconazole

100ml

   

Control of diseases

Scab

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

4

Tree Stage :

Fruit Development

( Walnut Stage )

Name Of chemical

# Myclobutanil

Or

Mancozeb

Or

Propineb

———————————————-

* Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin5% WG

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Myclobutanil

80g
Mancozeb

600g

Propineb

600gm

Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin5% WG

 200gm

Control of diseases

# Scab

* Alternaria leaf spot / Blight

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

5

Tree Stage :

Fruit Development

( 20 days after 4th spray )

Name Of chemical

#Dodine

Or

#Propineb

Or

*Zineb

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Dodine

150g
Propineb

600g

Zineb

600g

   

Control of diseases

# Scab

*Scab, Sooty Blotch

Flyspeck

Remarks:

Do not spray Dodine if

temperature is above

30 degree C and

slow drying conditions prevails

 

 

S.No 

6

Tree Stage :

Pre harvest

(20-25 Days before Harvest )

Name Of chemical

Captan

Or

Zirem

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Captan

600g
Zirem

600ml

   
   

Control of diseases

 Scab

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

7

Tree Stage :

After Post

Harvest

 

Name Of chemical

Copper

Oxychloride

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Copper

Oxychloride

600g
   
   
   

Control of diseases

 Canker

Remarks:

 

 

Note:-

  1. This spray schedule is for normal weather conditions.
  2. In case of heavy rains within 12 hours of spray, the spray is to be repeated within seven days.
  3. Do not use the same chemical, spray after spray.
  4. Pesticides should be sprayed when there are chance of diseases.
  5. Do not mix Dodine with other pesticides/chemicals.
  6. Do not mix any another pesticide/chemical/micro-nutrient/growth regulator/hormone with the above recommended pesticides to avoid russeting and other disorders. In case there is necessity, these may be sprayed separately.
  7. The fallen leaves of apple should be collected and decomposed in a compost pit or spray of 5% urea may be done on orchard floor on fallen leaves to ensure fast decomposition of infected leaves or may be destroyed by burning.
  8.  Copper oxychloride although tested by the Dr. Y.S. Parmar UHF Nauni and essentially required at the above stage of the tree but product is not registered with CIB & RC till date.

Recommendations against Hail damage:-

  1. Spray 100gm carbendazim or 600gm Mancozeb in 200 L of water immediately after Hail.
  2. Spray 200 gm Boric Acid + 500 gm Zinc sulphate + 250 gm Quick Lime in 200 L of water.
  3. Spray the hail affected apple orchard with 1 kg Urea in 200L of water. After 10 to 12 days, a spray of micro-nutrients like Agromin, Multiplex, or Microwit @ 400 to 600 g per 200 L of water is also recommended.

 

SPRAY SCHEDULE FOR THE CONTROL OF INSECT & MITE PESTS

OF APPLE, YEAR 2016

S.No 

1.

Tree Stage :

Tight

cluster

 

Name Of chemical

*Thiacloprid

      

  ** Oxy- demeton Methyl

     OR

#Dormant Spray oil

     Or

Horticultural

Mineral oil

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Thiacloprid

100ml
Oxy- demeton Methyl   200ml
Dormant Spray oil   4lts
 

Horticultural

Mineral oil

 4lts

Control of diseases

*Thrips

**Sanjose Scale

#Sanjose scale

And eggs of mite

Remarks:

 

S.No 

2

Tree Stage :

Petal

Fall

 

Name Of chemical

*Spiromesifen

        Or

Hexythiazox

        Or

Horticultural Mineral Oil

      

**Malathion

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Spiromesifen

60 ml
 Hexythiazox  200ml
 Horticultural Mineral Oil  2lts
 Malathion  200ml

Control of diseases

*Mites

**Aphid

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

3

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

Walnut size

 

Name Of chemical

Fenazaquin

      Or

Propargite

      Or

Horticultural Mineral oil

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Fenazaquin

50ml
 Propargite  200ml
 Horticultural Mineral oil  2lts
   

Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

4

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

(20 days after 3rd spray)

 

Name Of chemical

Hexythiazox

         Or

Spiromesifen

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Hexythiazox

200ml
 Spiromesifen  60ml
   
   

Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

5

Tree Stage :

Fruit

Development

(20 days after 4th  spray)

 

Name Of chemical

Fenazaquin

        Or

Propargite

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Fenazaquin

50ml
Propargite   200ml
   
   

Control of diseases

Mites

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

6

Tree Stage :

Pre Harvest

(20-25 days before harvest)

 

Name Of chemical

*Malathion

        

**Oxy-demeton Methyl

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Malathion

200ml
Oxy-demeton Methyl   200ml
   
   

Control of diseases

*Aphid

**Sanjose Scale

Remarks:

 

 

S.No 

7

Tree Stage :

Post Harvest

 

Name Of chemical

Chlorpyriphos

 

Quantity of Chemical For 200L of water

Chlorpyriphos

400ml
   
   
   

Control of diseases

Aphid

Remarks:

 

 

Note:-

  1. Avoid repetition of acaricides/miticides for the control of phytophagous mites in subsequent sprays.
  2. While spraying for the control of mites on the tree, also spray the basin area to ensure optimum control.
  3. Drench the basin area with chlorpyriphos after harvesting @ 2ml per liter of water for the control of woolly apple aphid and root borer.
  4. Dormant spray oils and horticultural mineral oils are although tested by Dr. Y.S. Parmar UHF Nauni and essentially required for Scale and Mite pests but not registered till date by the CIB & RC. However, matter is under process. Necessary data generated by the said university had been conveyed to the competent authority.
  5. Minimum insecticidal spray should be given from april to june for the safety of Lady Bird beetles, Syrphid flies and other beneficial insects as most of useful insects are usually active during these months.
  6. Do not spray any other pesticides on open flowers to save pollinating insects.

RECOMMENDED BRAND NAMES OF PESTICIDES

  1. FUNGICIDES

 

S.

NO.

Common

Name

Brand

Names

1.       2.     3.
1. Carbendazim

50 WP

Dhanustin/

Bavistin/

Mavistin/

Derosal/

Benfil/

Gilzim/

Carbestin

2. Captan

50 WP

Captaf/

Dhanutan/

Kohicap/

Masstan/

Captax

3. Copper oxychloride

50 WP

Blitox/

Fytolan/

Masstox/

Copter/

Trucop

4. Dodine 65 WP Superstar/

Syllit/

Himdin/

Tohfa/

Noor

5. Difenoconazole

25 EC

Score/

Scale

6. Metiram 55%

+

Pyraclostrobin

5% WG

Cabrio Top

60 WG

7. Hexaconazole

5EC

Contaf/

Hexzole/

Sitara/

Titan/

Glow/

Envil

8. Mancozeb

75 WP

Indofil M-45/

Dithane M-45/

Mass M-45/

Kohinoor M-45/

Dhanuka M-45/

Abic M-45/

Emthane M-45/

Uthane M-45/

Hindustan M-45

 

9. Myclobutanil

10 WP

Systhane/

Boon/

Index/

Grapple

10. Propineb

70WP

Antracol
11. Thiophanate

Methyl 70WP

Roko/

Topsin-M/

Alert/

Stop

12. Zineb 75WP Indofil Z-78
13. Ziram 27SL Cuman L
  1. Insecticides, Acaricides and Spray oils:

 

S.

NO.

Common Name Brand Names
1. Chlorpyriphos

20 EC

Dursban/

Durmet/

Danusban/

Massban/

Force/

Tricel/

Navigator

 

2.

Fenazaquin

10EC

Majister/

Majistic

3. Hexythiazox

5.45%

Maiden
4. Malathion

50EC

Cythion/

Massthion/

5. Oxy-Demeton

Methyl 25% EC

Metasystox
6. Propargite 57EC Omite/

Simba

7. Spiromesifen

22.9% SC

Oberon
8 Spray Oils Servo oil,

Agrospray Orchard,

Loveen 30,

Agro Emulsion,

IPOL Orchards,

D-C-Tron Plus,

Shelter 909 Summer Oil,

Sparrow-888,

HMO Orchol-13,

Shell Mineral Oil,

Orchol TSO,

MAK All Season HMO,

HP tree spray oil,

HRC spray oil plus HMO, HP spray oil E(HPSOE),

MAK HMO,

HP HMO,

HMO rilso-999,

Arbofine HMO.

9. Thiacloprid

240 SC

Alanto

 

SOURCE: Horticulture information Service, Department of horticulture, Himachal pradesh, Shimla-2

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